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New Route in Degumming of Bombyx Mory Silkworm Cocon for Biomaterial

Tjokorda Gde Tirta Nindhia1, I Wayan Surata1, Zdenek Knejzlik2 , Tomas Ruml2, and Tjokorda Sari Nindhia4
1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Udayana University, Jimbaran, Bali, Indonesia, 80361
2.Faculty of Food and Biochemical Technology, Institute of Chemical Technology of Prague , Technicka 5, 166 28 Pragua Czech Republic
3.Faculty of Veterinary Madicine, Udayana University, Jl. P.B. Sudirman, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia
Abstract—This research focused on silkworm cocoon of Bombyx mori grown in Indonesia. In this study the degumming process to eliminate the sericin from the fiber was explored and the result is a separated fiber that is tested for its biocompatibility. The silk can be prepared by degumming method of boiling in 0.01 M NaOH for 1 hour. Observation under microsccope indicate that The human osteosarcoma cell line (U2OS) able to attach and grow during following two days. This is an indication that the fiber having good biocompatibility by degumming process that is introduced in this report.

Index Terms—bombyx mori, silkworm, cocoon, degumming, biocompatibility

Cite: Tjokorda Gde Tirta Nindhia, I Wayan Surata, Zdenek Knejzlik, Tomas Ruml, and Tjokorda Sari Nindhia, "New Route in Degumming of Bombyx Mory Silkworm Cocon for Biomaterial," Journal of Medical and Bioengineering, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp. 338-341, August 2015. Doi: 10.12720/jomb.4.4.338-341
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