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Aqueous Extracts of Seed and Peel of Carica Papaya Against Aedes Aegypti

Lisda Hayatie1, Agung Biworo1, and Eko Suhartono2
1.Department of Medical Pharmacology Faculty of Medicine Lambung Mangkurat University, Banjarmasin, Indonesia
2.Department of Medical Chemistry/Biochemistry Faculty of Medicine Lambung Mangkurat Universtiy, Banjarmasin, Indonesia
Abstract—The development of resistance to chemical insecticides among mosquito species has been considered as a setback in vector control. Therefore, researchers have diverted their attention towards natural products of plant origin with insecticidal properties for control of insects pests and vectors. Papaya (Carica papaya), an herbaceous fruit crop belonging to the family Caricaceae, has garnered popularity among researchers due to its nutritional and pharmaceutical value. Our study aimed to determined the larvicidal effect of aqueus extracts of seed and peel of Carica papaya. The results shows that the seed and peel extracts has a larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti. The seed extracts has a higher larvicidal activity than peel extracts. This migh be de due the effect of pyhtochemical constituent in extract suc as flavonoid, alkaloid and tannin. From this study indicate that the aqueuous extracts of seed and peel of Carica papaya showed potential larvicidal activity for Aedes aegypti. Further studies might be needed for the used of this extracts for eco-friendly vector control programs especially for Aedes aegypti.

Index Terms—aedes aegypti, carica papaya, larvicidal activity, phytochemical constituent

Cite: Lisda Hayatie, Agung Biworo, and Eko Suhartono, "Aqueous Extracts of Seed and Peel of Carica Papaya Against Aedes Aegypti," Journal of Medical and Bioengineering, Vol. 4, No. 5, pp. 417-421, October 2015. Doi: 10.12720/jomb.4.5.417-421
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