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Aqueous Humor Natural Convection of the Human Eye induced by Electromagnetic Fields: In the Supine Position

Teerapot Wessapan 1 and Phadungsak Rattanadecho 2
1. School of Aviation, Eastern Asia University, Pathumthani 12110, Thailand
2. Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat University, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
Abstract—This study presents the simulation of the specific absorption rate (SAR), fluid flow and heat transfer in an anatomical human eye exposed to EM fields in the supine position. In this study, the frequencies of 900 and 1800 MHz were chosen for our simulations. This work focuses on the aqueous humor natural convection of the lying human eye induced by electromagnetic (EM) fields. In this study, the effect of operating frequency on the SAR, fluid flow and heat transfer in the eye was systematically investigated. The SAR value and the temperature distribution in various tissues in the eye during exposure to EM fields were obtained by numerical simulation of EM wave propagation and a heat transfer model was then developed based on the natural convection and porous media theories. The findings demonstrate the potential of aqueous humor natural convection in enhancing heat transfer of the eye in the supine position.  
Index Terms—Electromagnetic fields, heat transfer, specific absorption rate, human eye, natural convection

Cite: Teerapot Wessapan and Phadungsak Rattanadecho, "Aqueous Humor Natural Convection of the Human Eye induced by Electromagnetic Fields: In the Supine Position," Journal of Medical and Bioengineering, Vol. 3, No. 4, pp. 251-258, December 2014. Doi: 10.12720/jomb.3.4.251-258
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